Periodontal Therapy

Your Little Falls, NJ Dentists provide Periodontal Therapy

Our Little Falls, NJ Dental office offers in-house Periodontics in coordination with your general dentist, ensuring a smooth and cohesive continuity of care. The Periodontist performs services such as Dental Implants, gum surgery, and helps patients to improve their gum health.

Gingivitis

gingivitisGum disease, is the process that begins when bacterial growth in your mouth begins to lead to the corrosion of your teeth and gums. If left untreated, long-term effects include extensive gum deterioration, along with early tooth loss.

There are two stages in gum disease of which include: gingivitis (gum inflammation) followed by periodontitis (gum disease). Within the stages of gingivitis, the bacteria in hardened plaque pockets build up causing the gums to become irritated and swell. When brushing your gums may appear red or may bleed easily. Despite gum irritation, the roots of your teeth are still firmly in their place.

If left untreated, gingivitis can progress into periodontitis. During this process, the gums begin to pull away from the tooth creating pockets where bacteria can collect and spread. Toxins produced by the bacteria, along with enzymes present in your body’s natural defense of infections, begin to eat at the bone and tissue that anchor your tooth. As the process continues, the corrosion spreads and more gum tissue and bone are damaged. When this happens, teeth are no longer anchored in place, thus resulting in permanent tooth loss.

While tartar buildup is the leading cause of gum disease, there are additional contributing factors. Some of these include: illnesses that affect the immune system (HIV, diabetes), poor lifestyle habits such as smoking or a diet high in sugar, poor oral hygiene habits or a family history of periodontal disease.

Some symptoms of gum disease include:

  • Gums that are susceptible to bleeding
  • Red, swollen, or tender gums
  • Persistent bad breath (halitosis)
  • A receding gum line
  • Loose or shifting teeth

Some progression of gum disease may be present in your gums despite not having any symptoms. This is a reason why regular dental check ups are important in the prevention and treatment of gum disease. Only a dentist or periodontist will be able to recognize symptoms of gum disease.

 


Crown Lengthening

Crown lengthening is a periodontal procedure that can be performed for restorative or cosmetic purposes. If you have asked your dentist on how to improve a “gummy” smile, crown lengthening may be the solution. Your teeth may be the proper length but are covered by too much gum tissue. During crown lengthening, excess gum tissue is removed and the bone is reshaped to expose more of the tooth structure resulting in a broader smile.

In restorative cases, crown lengthening is performed when a tooth needs to be restored and there is not enough naturally exposed tooth structure to support the procedure. In these cases, the tooth may be broken below the gum line or have extensive decay lacking the support a crown or a bridge needs. Only after more of the tooth is exposed, will your Little Falls, NJ Periodontist be able to perform a reinforced restoration. In either case, crown lengthening improves both the look and functionality of your teeth, giving you a confident smile that lasts.

 


Bone Graft

Bone grafting is the replacement of jaw bone loss due to injury or gum disease. Often times, if a tooth is missing, the associated bone will be reabsorbed into the body. In these cases, the corrupted quality and lack of available bone structure makes the addition of dental implants difficult.

Current technology enables us to restore lost bone when necessary. It performs the dual service of allowing us to restore functionality while, improving the overall appearance of your teeth so you can smile with confidence.

Bone cells are taken from a tissue bank or from your own body from areas such as the jaw, hip or below your knee. In some cases a special layer is used to assist the development of the bone cells. This process is called guided bone regeneration.

Your Little Falls, NJ Dentists specializes in periodontal therapy for the areas of Little Falls, Cedar Grove, North Caldwell, West Caldwell, Totowa, Wayne, Woodland Park and Lincoln Park. Call 973-256-2222 or Contact Us for an appointment.