Swollen Gums or Gingivitis

Suffering from a Swollen Gum or Gingivitis?

Swollen Gums or GingivitisIf you’re suffering from Swollen Gums or Gingivitis in Little Falls, contact Dr. Shahmehdi’s Picture Perfect Smile at (973) 256-2222 for consultation and treatment. The swelling of gum is often an indication of gum disease. The early stages of Swollen Gum is also called Gingivitis, a condition that is caused by excessive build-up of plaque around the teeth from food particles and bacteria that irritates the gums. Plaque is a thin film of bacteria the forms on the surface of the teeth. It becomes a tartar when it hardens and can infect the gum line and damage the tooth.

Other causes of Swollen Gum or Gingivitis is bleeding, soreness, bad breath (halitosis), and tooth sensitivity. If gingivitis is left untreated, it can progress into periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is a much more severe form of gum disease that can rapidly lead to tooth loss.

Symptoms of Swollen Gums or Gingivitis

Most patients who have Swollen Gums or Gingivitis have the same symptoms: redness of the gums surrounding the teeth, swollen gum tissue and painless bleeding. Some patients experience a bad taste in their mouth from an abscess in the gum and bad breath from the bacteria in the gingival pockets. The following are the common symptoms Swollen Gums and Gingivitis:

  • Redness of the gums
  • Tenderness and swelling
  • Bleeding when brushing or flossing the teeth
  • Abscess around the teeth and gums
  • Pain when chewing
  • Teeth sensitivity
  • Loosening partial dentures
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth

Risk Factors for Swollen Gums

Swollen gums or gingivitis can be caused by more than just gum disease. Here are some other issues that may cause gum swelling:

  • Fungal, bacterial or viral infections
  • Irritation from poorly fitted dentures or dental appliances
  • Broken fillings
  • Dry mouth
  • Poor nutrition or foods that irritate the gums
  • Hormones, such as menopause or pregnancy
  • Scurvy, also known as vitamin C deficiency
  • Poor oral hygiene
  • Brushing or flossing too hard or using an overly firm toothbrush
  • Genetic factors
  • Weak or compromised immunity
  • Sensitivity to ingredients in some toothpastes
  • Smoking or tobacco chewing

Gingivitis Treatment

Treatment of Swollen Gums or Gingivitis begins with proper oral hygiene. Maintaining a healthy diet and staying away from smoking also helps. Professional dental treatments include:

Dental Cleaning
There are few dental cleaning techniques for deep cleaning to help remove plaque and tartar and prevent gum irritation and periodontal disease. Scaling – Removing the plaque or tartar above and below the gum line.

Root Planing- Smoothen affected rough parts and removes the infected parts Lasers- More convenient as it causes less pain and bleeding than scaling and root planing.

Oral Medications
Your Little Falls Dentists or Periodontist may prescribed oral medications to help treat Swollen Gums or Gingivitis and complications.

Mouthwash with Antibiotics- Mouthwash that contains chlorhexidine to disinfect the mouth.
Oral Antibiotics- Prescribed to treat gum inflammation and infection.

Surgery
Oral surgery is required if Swollen Gum or Gingivitis cannot be cured with antibiotics, scaling or root planing. Flap Surgery- A dental procedure performed by a Periodontist where the gums are lifted back to expose affected tooth roots and plaque is removed and the area cleaned and treated with antibiotics. The gums are then sutured in place to fit snugly around the tooth. Before the procedure, you will be given a local anesthetic to numb the area where the doctor will work on your gums.

Make sure to consult your dentist right away if you have Swollen Gums and experiencing painful symptoms. Early treatment and diagnosis of your dental condition can help prevent further damage and complications.

Call Dr. Shahmehdi’s Picture Perfect Smile at (973) 256-2222 or inquire about our Dental Services. We also serve the communities of Cedar Grove, North Caldwell, West Caldwell, Totowa, Wayne, Woodland Park and Lincoln Park.